C O F F E E – T H E H I S T O R Y
9th CENTURY – THE LEGEND OF KALDI
Coffee- Goat herd discovered it when noticed how excited his goats became after eating the beans from a coffee plant.
14th CENTURY – CULTIVATION OF COFFEE BY ARABS
The Arabs played a crucial part in the history of coffee. They were the first to trade coffee and had a monopoly in trade. Centuries, he Dutch tried to break the monopoly introducing coffee to Indonesia, though the plan initially failed in India.
16th CENTURY – THE EXPANSION
Coffee had reached the rest of the Middle East, Persia, Turkey, and northern Africa. Coffee seeds were first exported from Ethiopia to Yemen.
17th CENTURY – INTO THE HEART
Coffee had made its way to Europe and was becoming popular across the continent.
1723 – SOUTH | CENTRAL AMERICA & CARIBBEAN
A young naval officer, Gabriel de Clieu obtained a seedling from the King’s plant. Despite an arduous voyage , he managed to transport it safely to Martinique. Once planted, the seedling thrived and is credited with the spread of over 18 million coffee trees on the island of Martinique in the next 50 years. It was also the stock from which coffee trees throughout the Caribbean, South and Central America originated.
MID 17th CENTURY
Coffee started gaining popularity in the mid 17th century. It started attracting crowds. There were over 300 coffee houses in London.
1773 – THE NEW WORLD – AMERICA
Though coffee houses rapidly began to appear, tea continued to be the favored drink in the New World until 1773 when the colonists revolted against a heavy tax on tea imposed by King George. The revolt, known as the Boston Tea Party, would forever change the American drinking preference to coffee.
In only 100 years, coffee had established itself as a commodity crop throughout the world and still serves to wake us up get us going.